top of page

Challenging Power Dynamics and Dismantling Hierarchies in Social Justice Work


In the pursuit of social justice, it is essential to challenge power dynamics and dismantle the hierarchies that perpetuate systemic inequalities. This means recognizing that traditional power structures have failed to create equitable societies, and a shift towards more holistic, collaborative, and community-led approaches is necessary.

Recently, a former colleague of mine encountered a challenging situation that compelled me to write this essay. During a meeting, they courageously spoke out and challenged someone in a position of power who had been repeatedly asserting that “voices of lived experience should not be heard until they are validated or approved by some external process." The experience of my former colleague was a powerful reminder of the prevalent mindset that often prioritizes the perspectives of those in power over those who are most marginalized.


This belief not only undermines the validity of lived experiences but also perpetuates oppressive systems. The act of silencing voices of lived experience until they are "validated" or "approved" is a form of violence that invalidates the experiences of those who are already struggling to be heard. It is imperative to acknowledge the importance of centering the experiences and perspectives of individuals who are most impacted by systemic oppression and marginalization, as this is necessary for any efforts toward equity and social justice.

It is not uncommon for individuals in positions of power to prioritize their own perspectives and experiences over those of others, particularly those with less power and influence. This can be especially problematic in contexts where social justice and equity are critical values to uphold. To create policies and practices that are truly equitable and just, it is crucial for those in power to actively listen to and engage with diverse perspectives, including those from individuals with lived experience.

As the renowned social justice activist, Angela Davis once said, "In a racist society, it is not enough to be non-racist, we must be antiracist." This statement applies not only to racism but also to other forms of oppression and inequity. To challenge and dismantle oppressive systems, we must actively engage in antiracist and anti-oppressive practices. This requires us to listen to and center the voices and perspectives of those who have been most impacted by these systems.


Dismantling hierarchies is a key aspect of anti-oppressive practice. Hierarchies are often built upon power imbalances, with those in positions of power having more privilege and control over those with less power. This can result in marginalization, discrimination, and exclusion for those who hold less power. By dismantling these hierarchies, we can create a more equitable and just society. As Angela Davis reminds us,

"We have to talk about liberating minds as well as liberating society."

Moreover, system change experts have emphasized the need for a fundamental shift from hierarchical structures to holoarchies, where power dynamics are dismantled and individuals work collaboratively in self-organizing teams. As Peter Senge, the author of "The Fifth Discipline," has noted,

"Today's problems can't be solved by yesterday's solutions."

We need to fundamentally transform the systems and structures that have created and perpetuated inequities.

The anecdote shared earlier highlights the limitations of relying on a hierarchical approach to social justice. The experience of my former colleague involved a government official who asserted their understanding of the hierarchy of government processes and bureaucracy, as well as their ability to navigate silos and challenge these structures through a social justice lens. However, when challenged on the importance of lived experience, this official dismissed the speaker and shut down the conversation. This interaction demonstrates how power dynamics can play out in social justice work, and how those in positions of authority may not always be receptive to feedback or willing to share power.

Notable social justice activists and system change experts have long advocated for dismantling hierarchies and sharing power as a means to achieve social justice. For example, Bell Hooks, an author, feminist, and social activist, emphasizes the importance of collaboration and solidarity in creating equitable societies. She writes,

"Solidarity is not the same as support. To experience solidarity, we must have a community of interests, shared beliefs and goals around which to unite, and we need to communicate that we share a common destiny."

In other words, it is not enough to simply support marginalized communities; we must actively work towards shared goals and stand in solidarity with one another.

Similarly, Edgar Villanueva, an author and expert in philanthropy and social justice, argues for the need to shift away from traditional power structures towards more collaborative and community-led approaches. In his book "Decolonizing Wealth," he writes,

"The shift to more equitable systems of resource distribution and decision-making will require the kind of leadership that comes from a place of generosity, not from a place of fear or control."

Villanueva suggests that generosity, empathy, and a willingness to relinquish power are essential for creating more equitable systems.


The anecdote shared earlier highlights the need to challenge power dynamics in social justice work, as well as the limitations of traditional hierarchical structures. To truly create more equitable societies, we must shift towards more holistic and collaborative approaches that prioritize the voices and experiences of marginalized communities. As Bell Hooks writes,


"To build community requires vigilant awareness of the work we must continually do to undermine all the socialization that leads us to behave in ways that perpetuate domination."

This means actively challenging power structures and working towards shared goals that prioritize equity and justice for all.

In conclusion, challenging power dynamics and dismantling hierarchies is essential for achieving social justice. By prioritizing community-led approaches, sharing power, and standing in solidarity with one another, we can work towards a more equitable and just society. As Edgar Villanueva writes, "In this new world, the people with the most power and privilege will be those who have learned to share and care the most."

39 views0 comments
bottom of page